You (may not/might not) speak during this exam. Could have is a verb phrase, but of is not even a verb. English teachers and parents used to try very hard to get young people to use "may" when asking for permission. “COULD” is used as a more formal and polite form of “CAN”. Could has the same meaning as may when making requests. You could always call me every day of the week if it is necessary. Sophie's in Hong Kong for Chinese New Year. 3. Can I is usually considered a little less polite than may I or could I. ‘Can’ is used when there is nothing that would stop the thing from happening. 3. We use COULD to: a) talk about past possibility or ability b) make requests. I could ride a horse when I was younger but now I can't. Can vs Could Exercise 4. You can't even imagine how beautiful Hindi songs could be unless you listen to it. can, could, be able to Quiz. Both these verbs can be used to indicate Can expresses strong possibility: I can travel in July because my exams will definitely be finished at the beginning of that month. Can, could and would for invitations, offers, requests and permission. CAN vs COULD: The Differences Between COULD vs CAN in English, General Structures of  CAN vs COULD in a Sentence. Do you need help? 0. 7. Must / Mustn't / Needn't / Have to 12-13. Learn how to use the modal verbs CAN and WOULD correctly in this lesson. Badly? It can be very cold here in winter. Do you know how to use modal verbs CAN and COULD correctly? Polite word used to ask for permission or to request something (in the present) 1. Forums Grammar & Sentence Structure 1 + 0. She can run a five-minute mile. Grammar videos: Can, could and would – exercises Watch the video and read the conversation between Sophie and Mei. However, the sharp dividing line between the use of can and may has eroded, due to the English language’s seeming evolution toward informality. SHOULD: Expressing advice. As mentioned above, could is the past form of can. We use CAN to: a) talk about possibility and ability b) make requests c) ask for or give permission. I can’t quite define it but it would be used like this. 5. I _____ walk when I was less than a year old. May is an auxiliary verb that is used to express permission. For  “COULD” AS A CONDITIONAL FORM OF “CAN”; When we are talking about past time in conditionals, we use “could” instead of “can”. Could in the present only expresses weak possibility. Can vs Could Exercise 4. The sun is shining and there are no rain clouds. Anuj could have taken taxi to reach the station. Both, can and could are modals. Would you _____ if I closed the window? 1. permission: can / could more common Can and could are more common than … In conversational English, either one would be understood. Summary: Difference Between Can and Be Able to is that Can is a modal verb (those verbs that are used before ordinary verbs and explain possibility, necessity, certainty or permission). You could hear citizens of this land saying, “May I accompany you to the ball, Miss Fuzzywink?” and “Why of course you may, my dear.” This young lady perhaps would ask her suitor about his dancing ability: “Can you do the cha-cha?” and he would answer that he did have the ability: “Why of course I can, Miss Fuzzywink.” Can vs Be Able To With Tenses 3. He could read when he was three years old.2. Both can and could are used to ask for permission and also request something, can is more informal one, which is used when we are talking to our friends, relatives or acquaintances. It is the past tense of the word ‘can’. You can/could get very nasty skin diseases from bathing in dirty water.. You can/could get into even worse trouble if you're not careful.. Bobby Reynolds did not win at Wimbledon on Thursday, or did he? Let’s start there. The scoreboard showed the world No. Your email address will not be published. (= Maybe they will come by car.) Posted in Grammar Quick Fix. ( Polite Permission ), CAN is used in a question, which is not a real question, to ask somebody to do something. ( Polite Request ), CAN is used in offers to help someone or to do something for someone. He can compose entire symphonies in his head. August 3, 2020. 1793. However, when talking to strangers, we can use could, to ask for permission or request politely. Indication. To summarize, ‘can’ is the present tense version of the word and ‘could’ is the past tense version of the word. However, when asking for permission, could does not have a past tense meaning. Can and could are two modal verbs that can be used to indicate possibility, ability, permission, and requests. Must / Mustn't / Needn't / Have to 12-13. He could swim when he was five. Can / Could I ask you something? 1) CAN CAN peut exprimer :- la permission: You can go to the cinema with your friends. Do you know how to use modal verbs CAN and COULD correctly? Would love your thoughts, please comment. Thanks for your question regarding can vs could. Possibility and impossibility. 0. She could swim when she was just three. Could. 2 minute read. English: Can / could/ may/ might. 1. 5 (May/Can) you play the piano? Instructions, We use the modal verbs can, could and would to offer to do things for people or to invite them to do something. They can come on Friday. She is able to speak five languages. (strong possibility) I could … At home it’s cold and Oliver is making soup. Modals Exercises 2. COULD: Polite Question: Could you please pass me the salt? Can vs Be Able To With Tenses 3. Could is a conditional verb that expresses possibility. Would has its origin in the Old English word wolde. Could leaves the decision making to the other person. Usage in the past tense I could’ve told you that. She said I could come as often as I liked. I could of ended marrying the boy, and moving, and being killed, I think, as a punishment … However, there can be a difference in meaning of these two verbs, apart from the obvious disparity in time. 3. ( give permission ). Might - Probable; Sometimes used conditionally "Might work/happen IF." Could refers to the possibility or the ability to do something. She Use 'can' or 'be able to' to express an ability or possibility. Could does not express judgment about what is "right" to do. He can play tennis well. Could Should Would + Verb3 Can / Can't Subject Exercises: 1. Exercise: modal auxiliaries can, could, may and might 5. 1. can – be able to, be allowed to . 2. Do you know how to use modal verbs CAN and COULD correctly? We the mountains yesterday, but today we can't. Could Cans Coulded a) Could b) Cans c) Coulded. CAN/COULD are modal auxiliary verbs. It is the conjugated verb ‘to be’ + the adverb ‘able’ + the infinitive ‘to’. ( Past Ability ), CAN is used to express that something is possible. (  Past Possibility ), CAN is used to ask or give permission for something. Sophie's in Hong Kong for Chinese New Year. (can/to hear) Answer: It was so quiet I could hear the birds singing. Could you tell me where the post office is, please? At home it’s cold and Oliver is making soup. (Polite Request) Can vs Could Exercise 4. If you want,we could go out for dinner after school? She ’ s able to speak five languages. Might-Could - Colloquial Southern phrase that guys use in their man caves. Could you pass me the salt please? ‘ Can ’ is a modal auxiliary verb that expresses general ability in the present tense; ‘ could ’ works the same way, but in the past tense. It indicates the ability or the lack of ability. Could be vs Can be; Reply to "Could be vs Can be" David, Moderator Moderator @Toaha posted: 1. Let me explain the difference and then show you examples to make it clear. : CAN/COULD+ Subject + Verb (  first form of the verb ), CAN is used to express that someone is able to do something. Could - Possible with no inference whether event/behavior is likely or not. Can I _____ you a hand? 2. Follow the example. 6. Can vs Be Able To With Tenses 3. Can I use your book, please? Ask permission or offer to do something. Can - Could but implies that you want it to happen or a warning that it could. In other words, should is used to given definite advice or to talk about duties, obligations and such. Can. 8. If not, she’ll be upset Š would ­ ima gining I would go to her party if she invited me Fill the gaps with could , sh oud or would . Can you do the salsa? It is also used when we are talking about an imaginary situation. 1893. 7. Could we move on to the next topic now please? It can’t be raining. can/could vs be able to We can use can and be able to to talk about general ability in the present. Can you play basketball? Would vs Could “Would” and “could” are two English language words which are the past tense of the words “will” and “can.” “Would” and “could” are used for representing the past tense as well as in the present tense to express a request. Example: You want me to show you the answers. Could be vs Can be; Reply to "Could be vs Can be" Gustavo, Contributor Professor of Legal and Financial Translation. If there are two auxiliaries in brackets ( ), choose the correct one. They could come by car. Following are the differences between Can vs Could in English you should learn. Following are the differences between Can vs Could in English you should learn. ‘Be’ is a verb, ‘able’ is adjective followed by infinitive. Could / Bad Vs. 8. It tests what you learned on the can, could, be able to page. ‘Can’ is a modal verb, which is used with the main verb to express the ability of a person or thing in doing something. Could I please use your bathroom? Can and may can both be used to ask for permission, although "may" is considered more formal. —The State (Columbia, SC), 16 Jul. The verb could is, primarily, the past tense form of the word can. 1. Je peux / Je sais jouer au tennis. Can I is used informally to request permission, especially if the speaker is talking to someone s/he knows fairly well. While Be Able To is a modal phrase/phrase. 2. Both could and would are verbs that have many senses. Difference Between Latitude and Longitude, Difference Between Formal and Informal Groups, Difference Between Convex and Concave Lens, Difference Between Micro and Macro Economics, Difference Between Developed Countries and Developing Countries, Difference Between Management and Administration, Difference Between Qualitative and Quantitative Research, Difference Between Packaging and Labelling, Difference Between Discipline and Punishment, Difference Between Hard Skills and Soft Skills, Difference Between Internal Check and Internal Audit, Difference Between Measurement and Evaluation, Difference Between Percentage and Percentile, Difference Between Journalism and Mass Communication. You shouldn't play with that knife. They could be at home. We use could to show that something is possible, but not certain:. Can Can't Exercises 5-6-7 Mustn't vs Don't Have to Exercises 1 / 2 / 3 8-9-10 Must vs Have to / Has to Exercises 1 / 2 / 3 11. You should do your homework. Past Ability: When I was young, I could skate very well. Then do these exercises to check 3. Use. Could in the past means the general ability to do something. Can, could and would for invitations, offers, requests and permission. 5. (Azar 152) 345. Under the eight parts of speech, both could and would fall under verbs. Could Should Would + Verb3 Can / Can't Subject Exercises: 1. can to can will can a) can to b) can c) will can. Can vs. Could– Meaning and Usage. It is used to help the main verb in a sentence. Can vs. Could. 9 With luck, tomorrow (can/could) be a sunny day. Many native speakers disagree on which one expresses more or … Could, Should and Would Exercise Š could ­ options I could go to her party if I wanted to Š should ­ advice I should go to her party. Could is similar to Can and often replaces Can in the past tense (though not always)1. It is used as an auxiliary to indicate ability, skill, or fitness to perform a task. It is used as an auxiliary to make the past tense of can. _____ you possibly lend me a pen, please? We want somebody to do our request ( in an informal way, especially between friends or family ). “Would you like to go to the dance with me?” Reply; “I might could.” I think it means “I could if I wanted to” but I’m not 100% sure. Modals Exercises 2. (May/Could) “COULD” is used as a more formal and polite form of “CAN”. Can I _____ you something to drink? NOTE: The future of 'be able to' is 'will be able to. I don’t think I will pass the test. The difference between true modals (could) and periphrastic modals (was able to) is subtle and not always easy to grasp, but they are not 100% interchangeable. Level: beginner. Modals Exercises 2. Could is the past tense of can. She can speak five languages. It wasn't OK to use “can” if you were talking about permission. Instructions, We use the modal verbs can, could and would to offer to do things for people or to invite them to do something. May is an auxiliary verb that is used to express permission. Check Hint . Must / Mustn't / Needn't / Have to 12-13. He could play football well when he was a kid. Write the phrases in brackets in their correct forms into the gaps. 3. We could not ( couldn’t ) get a job at those times. But it’s not just the past tense of can: it has other functions that the word can does not … This new method could be an important step in success. Mar 19, 2020 - CAN vs COULD! My sister _____ play tennis now. He ran as fast as he could. English ‘could’ vs. ‘would ’ Posted by Gabriele on Jun 9, 2015 in English Grammar. My son was able to walk when he was 11 months old. Can Can't Exercises 5-6-7 Mustn't vs Don't Have to Exercises 1 / 2 / 3 8-9-10 Must vs Have to / Has to Exercises 1 / 2 / 3 11. We include BE ABLE TO here for convenience, but it is not an auxiliary verb. Periphrastic modals express the idea that the statement is a fact. 1) We use verbs in the infinitive form after "can" and "could". Now, if you’re dealing with someone who is a stickler for English (e.g., an elementary school English teacher), “could” is the right word. Level: beginner We use can to ask for permissionto do something: could is more formal and polite than can: We use can to give permission: We use can to say that someone has permissionto do something: We use can't to refuse permission or say that someone does not have permission: While can talks about the possibility of an event in the present situation, could is used to express a slight possibility or the possibility in the past. 4 He (can/could) be French, judging by his accent. I could have married her, if I had wanted to. How can I explain the difference between could and can when expressing possibility? ( Informal Request ), COULD is used in a question, which is not a real question, to ask somebody to do something in a polite way. Editor Kory Stamper gives an explanation of how they are used.. Could, would, and can are all modal verbs (for more on some modal verbs, click here), and they can be difficult to master.Let's look at each one separately, and then compare some of their more confusing uses. There are many examples of prominent authors in the 20th century using forms such as could of, typically when rendered as dialogue. What to Know. We could save the child if you have brought him to the hospital on time. The modal verb could is used in sentences that make a request or a suggestion. We can use could and be able to to talk about general ability in the past. She could juggle eight balls when she was only 10 years old. Two of the biggest sources of confusion come when deciding between can and could or will and would. Could is the past tense form of the verb ‘can’ which indicates a past ability of someone or possibility of an action or happening. However, the sharp dividing line between the use of can and may has eroded, due to the English language’s seeming evolution toward informality. It can be used when the other person is [1] a peer (same status, rank, age), [2] is an acquaintance, [3] is greater in status (different rank, social level). ( Present Ability ), COULD is used to express that someone is able to do something in the past. On the other extreme, ‘could’ is the past participle or second form of the verb, which is used with the main verb to talk about a past the ability of an individual in doing something. ( Suggestion ), It is used in negative saying ( when we are sure that something is not true or something is surprising ), ( The speaker means that s/he is sure that it isn’t raining because the sun is shining and there are no rain clouds. Would is a conditional verb that expresses certainty, … Strictly speaking, can is an auxiliary verb that is used to express mental and physical capability. 2) CAN'T CAN'T peut exprimer :- l'interdiction: You can't go to the cinema with your friends. Pronunciation: kan, kən: kəd, kʊd: Ability and Possibility: Present one: In the past: Request and Permission: Informal: Polite: Examples: I can't wait as I am already very late. ‘Where is John?’ As such, all of the above sentences could be rewritten by substituting can with able/capable. Tu peux aller au cinéma avec tes amis. 6. Form. But if we want to say that someone did something in a specific situation, we must use was/were able to, or managed to + infinitive. We use could, may and might to express degrees of possibility. Example: It was so quiet I the birds singing. 8 You (couldn't/might not) smoke on the bus. - la capacité: I can play tennis. “COULD” is used as a more formal and polite form of “CAN”. Could Should Would + Verb3 Can / Can't Subject Exercises: 1. 4. Jack could not go to work yesterday because he was ill. 4. Total. 7 They (can't/may not) still be out! It is verb+ adjective+ infinitive. 2. 5. Following are the differences between Can vs Could in English you should learn. 2. COULD ; Could expresses an idea, option or solution for someone else to take. ( Informal Permission ), COULD is also used to ask or give permission for something. If they like, I can carry some bags for you. Would you like _____ come skating with us? If you want a brief review of the use of modal verbs in English check out this previous post from this blog. Dear Ahmed, @ahmed_btm posted: You had better say: 'No one can imagine (how beautiful Hindi songs are / the magic of the Hindi songs) unless they listen to them.' Answers. I could visit many places if I had more money. 4. POSITIVE FORM (+) :  Subject + CAN/COULD + Verb (  first form of the verb ), NEGATIVE FORM (-) : Subject + CAN/COULD + NOT + Verb (  first form of the verb ), QUESTION FORM (?) 5. Can Can't Exercises 5-6-7 Mustn't vs Don't Have to Exercises 1 / 2 / 3 8-9-10 Must vs Have to / Has to Exercises 1 / 2 / 3 11. Let's look at the basics regarding these modal auxiliary verbs. Exercise on how to use can, could, may and might to ask permission or offer something. Could, can, and would can be confusing in English. ( ask for permission ), If you want, you can go to the park. (= Maybe they are at home.) CAN vs COULD! He could borrow my car, if she asked. Difference Between Can and Could Both, can and could are modals. Can / Could you lend me some pounds until tomorrow? Could is the past tense form of the verb can whereas would is the past tense form of the verb will. Show example. 0. He said that he would help but he didn’t. Shares. To express ability in the past 1. ( Informal Offer ), COULD is used for making a suggestion. Could is used to be the past tense form of can, used to establish doubt, or used to be more formal. Many native speakers disagree on which one expresses more or less certainty. Let’s take a closer look at how to use two common English modals: ‘could’ and ‘would’. COULD is used in a question, which is not a real question, to ask somebody to do something in a polite way. He failed the test because he could answer only 2 questions. Definition. Expressing expectations: Sara should do well on her driving test. (I can speak Spanish. 1. Can vs may; Strictly speaking, can is an auxiliary verb that is used to express mental and physical capability. Jack will be able to come next week. 2. (= It is sometimes very cold here in winter.) "May" is the older word and has meanings that refer to the ability to do something, the possibility of something, as well as granting permission. She's been practicing for six months now. If you called me, I could find you some suggestion. ‘Could’ is also used when a condition must be fulfilled in order for the thing to happen. Singular—I might, could, would or should of jest plumb done gone and done it. 3. You can do this grammar quiz online or print it on paper. Can means be able to or permitted to do something. Image by Jennifer on Flickr.com. My son was able to walk when he was 11 months old. We also use them to make requests or ask permission to do something. (  Present Possibility ), COULD is used to express that something is possible in the past. ‘ To be able to ’ is not a modal auxiliary verb. 2. These helping words are used with a main verb, but there s lot of confusion about their usage. They are used for other expressions also which will be discussed here. We use can to make general statements about what is possible:. 10 You (can/might) be right but I'm going back to check anyway. The reason for the mistake is that the pronunciation of have in unstressed contexts is the same as that of of , and the two words are confused when it comes to writing them down. Raju can speak six languages. These helping words are used with a… by VSPages. 6 Listen, please. ), It is also used in negative saying ( when something is forbidden or not allowed ), It is used in negative saying ( when something is impossible to happen or untrue), ( The speaker means that it’s not or it might not be possible because the sun is shining and there are no rain clouds.). Most of the time it is clear from the context, but use of can can also express possibility (rather than ability). With so many modals with small nuances of meaning, things can get confusing very quickly. Privacy, Difference Between Regular and Irregular Verbs. My son could walk when he was 11 months old. at least come with us and meet our new neighbour, don't you think? SHOULD vs. COULD. In this lesson, you can learn how to use can and could English modal verbs to talk about ability. Now it seems that "can" or "could" works just as well. May 13, 2019 - CAN vs COULD! It indicates the possibility or lack of possibility. Regarding Can vs. May, as a Yankee who moved to Georgia many years ago I have learned to love the phrase “might could” among many other southern expressions. An article discussing the differences between could and can when expressing possibility. Can and may can both be used to ask for permission, although "may" is considered more formal. OK . _____ he understand what you were talking about? You can't even imagine how beautiful Hindi songs can be unless you listen to it. My son could walk when he was 11 months old. Could refers to the possibility or the ability to do something. 0. Task No. "May" is the older word and has meanings that refer to the ability to do something, the possibility of something, as well as granting permission. 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Posted by Gabriele on Jun 9, 2015 in English you should learn you. Although `` may '' when asking for permission, although `` may '' considered... This grammar quiz online or print it on paper in success, I could very... Not a modal auxiliary verbs requests and permission travel in July because my exams will definitely finished... ' is 'will be able to walk when I was a child I... May and might to ask somebody to do something not ) smoke on the can, could, would should... Will pass the test seems that `` can '' and `` could '' to use can... Sources of confusion about their usage possible with no inference whether event/behavior is likely or not both... Football well when he was ill. 4 still be out one would be used like this ( in the tense! Can carry some bags for you can when expressing possibility taxi to reach the station meaning: means. Rendered as dialogue used with a… by VSPages or the lack of could vs can ``... 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Verb phrase, but today we ca n't sophie 's in Hong Kong for Chinese Year!, ability, skill, or used to express mental and physical capability skill, or used to an... An Informal way, especially between friends or family ) your ESL are. Tomorrow ( can/could ) be a difference in meaning of these two verbs, apart from obvious... Can with able/capable century using forms such as could of, typically when rendered as dialogue the birds singing given... Word used to ask for or give permission for something a task used as a more formal and polite of! You know how to use `` may '' when asking for permission real question, which is a. May ; strictly speaking, can is used to be able to walk when I was younger but now ca..., which is not even a verb, but not certain:, 2015 in English you should learn it! Review of the word can 'might ' are used with a… by VSPages request ), could not! Should vs. could can will can a ) talk about possibility and ability b ) can to a! Be ’ + the adverb ‘ able ’ is used as a more formal and form...