Now, if we go to God in this way, he will send his Holy Spirit into our hearts as a Spirit of adoption; giving us thereby,], [The Jews dared not to draw nigh to God within the limits that were assigned them, whether on Mount Sinai, or in the temple. Comp. ]; and that the nearer we came to God’s mercy-seat, the more certainly we should find acceptance with him. For the impulse is His, the realized sonship is of Him, the deepened sense of want is of His creation, in the heart whence rises the tender and earnest address, Abba, Father. And because you are sons, God has sent out the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, saying, Abba, Father. Here the Spirit being the main subject, is regarded as the agent, and the believer merely as His organ) Abba Father. Compare notes on Acts 2:6; Acts 26:14. Romans 8:16. Crying; praying with strong desire and glowing fervor. "Commentary on Galatians 4:6". Proverbs 4:23). Compare Mark 14:36, and Romans 8:15. (comp. "Commentary on Galatians 4:6". 4:1 But I say that so long as the heir is a child, he differs nothing from a bondservant though he is lord of all; 2 but is under guardians and stewards until the day appointed of the father. The Holy Spirit so deeply sinks into the spirit of believers and so closely identifies himself with them that He prays in them and through them as their advocate. Nor is it more likely that the double appellation is meant to convey what the elder interpreters find in it-to wit, that it was uttered to point out the spiritual brotherhood of all men in all languages. The question then is, Is the sending forth of the Spirit of His Son regarded by the apostle as the proof or as the result of sonship? The privileges, which, by virtue of this relation, he enjoys—, The Spirit of Christ is sent forth into his heart—, [The Holy Spirit is here, as in many other passages of Scripture, called, “the Spirit of Christ [Note: Romans 8:9. Bar-abbas. The phrase conveys, in point of form, the solemn expression of the objective (Galatians 4:4) and subjective (Galatians 4:5) certainty of salvation, but, in a dogmatic point of view, the like personal relation of the Spirit, whom God has sent forth from Himself as He sent forth Christ. Because.—It is, perhaps, on the whole, best to retain this translation. "However, we oversentimentalize this word when we refer to it as mere baby talk and translate it into English as "daddy." Critics are divided. He made us as His sons and daughters. Aug. gives a fanciful reason for the repetition: “Eleganter autem intelligitur non frustra duarum linguarum verba posuisse idem significantia propter universum populum, qui de Judæis et de Gentilibus in unitatem fidei vocatus est: ut Hebræum verbum ad Judæos, Græcum ad gentes, utriusque tamen verbi eadem significatio ad ejusdem fidei spiritusque unitatem pertineat.” And so Luther, Calvin, and Bengel. This is not only affirmed in our text, but taken, as it were, for granted, and assumed as the ground of those further blessings which are bestowed upon us. For similar instances of a Greek word being repeated in Aramaic, or an Aramaic word in Greek, we may compare Revelation 9:11 : “The angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon;” Revelation 12:9 : “That old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan.” The Aramaic “Abba” appears in our word “abbot.”. FATHER! Illustrations of similar bilingual or even trilingual expressions are given in Schoettgen on Mark 14:36 : e.g. Yet this mode of double wording arose from the fact that Hebrews largely spoke two languages, and Greeks would, in approximate Christianity, often become Hebraized. ii. Why will you pour contempt upon them, as if they did not deserve the attention of any considerate man? We can call Him "Daddy." ᾿εξαπέστειλεν ὁ θεὸς τὸ πνεῦμα τοῦ υἱοῦ αὐτοῦ εἰς τὰς καρδίας ἡμῶν—“God sent forth the Spirit of His Son into our hearts.” The authorities for the ὑμῶν of the Received Text are D3, E, K, L, Chrysostom, Theodoret, Augustine, the Vulgate, Coptic, and Syriac; while ἡμῶν has in its favour A, B, C, D1, F, א, with many of the fathers, such as Basil, Tertullian, Jerome, and Hilary. Schemoth rabb. [Note: Robertson, 4:302. For the "we" in Galatians 4:5 plainly refers … If so St Paul’s mother tongue would seem to have been not Aramaic but Greek. Romans 8:15; also Psalms 22:3; Psalms 28:1; Psalms 30:8; Baruch 3:1; Baruch 4:20. "Abba, Father" is described by some as an endearing term like "dada" or "daddy," however I see nothing in the words themselves, nor the context to indicate we should address God as "dada" or even "daddy.". (1-5) This doctrine established from the example of Abraham. If so, then the language which Christians are here represented as using is the language of freemen, and denotes that they are not under the servitude of sin. The Hebrew says, Abba, the Greek says, Father, both, Abba, Father; comp. The sending of the Spirit of God (Galatians 4:6) 3. Galatians 6:12-16 This is a great summary of the entire book, as Paul once again refutes the legalistic idea that we can work our way into a relationship … Galatians 4:6. [Note: Lightfoot, p169. The key personalities of this book are the Apostle Paul, Peter, Barnabas, Abraham, Titus, and false teachers. The Spirit Himself is here represented as crying (it is different in Rom. 6. Was it not natural for both words to come to him in his hour of agony as in his childhood? If not sons of God, ye would not be the recipients of the Spirit of His Son. Observe the symmetry with ἐξαπέστ. Comp. (6) It is because you are sons that you are able to address your Heavenly Father in such genuine accents of filial emotion. In the Gospel the second may perhaps be by way of explanation for Gentile readers, but this hardly suits the thought of the Epistles. From an enemy to God, he is made a friend and a son; and from serving God by constraint, as a slave, he comes to him with a spirit of adoption, as a beloved child. Galatians 4:5 The Greek word for adoption to sonship is a legal term referring to the full legal standing of an adopted male heir in Roman culture. In Galatians 4, Paul continues teaching an important lesson to the Galatian Christians. He would not have done this, if ye had not (through the υἱοθεσία) been υἱοί; thus the reception of the Spirit is the experimental and practical divine testimony to the sonship. BibliographySchaff, Philip. College Press, Joplin, MO. ; modes of expression like those in Winer, p. 575 f. [E. T. 774], and Dissen, ad Dem. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/galatians-4.html. But there remains the question why Jesus used both in his prayer. God also sent the Holy Spirit to indwell believers and to motivate us to approach God. But, as regards the thought also, the interpretation is unsuitable; for they are sons, etc., not because God has sent Christ, but because they have become believers in Him that was sent (Galatians 3:26; John 1:12); it is not that fact itself, but their faith in it, which is the cause of their sonship and of their reception of the Spirit; comp. 1863-1878. Compare Isaiah 48:16, rightly translated by Bengel (on Galatians 4:4): Dominus Jehovah misit me suumque Spiritum, and so probably the LXX. By begetting from above. Galatians 4:6 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Galatians 4:6, NIV: "Because you are his sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out, 'Abba, Father.'" (Meyer regards ‘Abba,’ here as a proper name, which became the customary address to God in prayer after the example set by our Lord. Author: Galatians 1:1 clearly identifies the apostle Paul as the writer of the epistle to the Galatians. We are heirs of God (Galatians 4:1-7) 1 Now I say, That the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all; 2 But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father. 1905. Comp. According to Paul, it would be foolish for them to begin to follow the law of Moses in hopes of being acceptable to God. And how abruptly ἐξαπέστ. ῾ο πατήρ is what the apostle wishes to say; but in a mood of extreme tenderness, speaking of God's children and of their yearning filial prayerfulness and confidence in approaching and naming Him, he prefixes the old familiar term ᾿αββᾶ. Commentary. 4. . "Commentary on Galatians 4:6". Nay, in Galatians 6:5, he speaks of a “burden” or load, not of matter for glorying, as what really belongs to each man. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/galatians-4.html. However, the phrase “you who fear God” can also identi… The word is, however, to be regarded merely as a name used in prayer: only he who prayed addressed God by this name; and just because he was aware that this name was an original appellative and expressed the paternal character of God, he added the purely appellative corresponding term ὁ πατήρ, and in doing so satisfied the fervour of his feeling of sonship. κρᾶζον, i.e. 4:6 And because ye - Gentiles who believe, are also thus made his adult sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts likewise, crying, Abba, Father - Enabling you to call upon God both with the confidence,and the tempers, of dutiful children. (6-9) From the tenor of the law and the severity of its curse. Galatians 2 : קירי מרי אבי . Ah! Selden's explanation is, that the use of the name implies the change of a slave to a freeman; but the apostle is proving a different point-that of sonship or adoption. 1897-1910. The sending of the Son of God (Galatians 4:4-5) b. "Commentary on Galatians 4:6". Bibliography"Commentary on Galatians 4:6". the Spirit of his Son into their hearts: not that the Holy Spirit is not the Spirit of the Father, as well as of Christ; but he calleth him the Spirit of Christ, because he had made adoption the end and fruit of redemption; and redemption is every where made the work of the Son. So Bishop Pearson: “Here the Son is distinguished from the Father, as sent by him; and the Spirit of the Son is distinguished from the Father, as sent by the Father after he had sent the Son. Though legally he owns the entire inheritance, he is subject to tutors and administrators until whatever date the father has set for emancipation. Lest the Jews should claim the adoption as peculiar to them, the apostle tells them that these Gentiles were also sons; and in confirmation of that, he saith, that God had sent. It is the making of almighty God into Someone we can bond with, Someone we can relate to, and Someone that we can live with - not Someone that is high and lifted up, not Someone that is our Lord and Master, and not Someone that would be comfortable in the comforts of our wishy washy living style that is akin to the world, and not akin to the heavenlies. Ἀββά ὁ πατήρ. The close conjunction of the Holy Spirit with our own personality forms a contrast to Mark 5:9 and parallels. All rights reserved. As a word of address Abba is not so much associated with infancy as it is with intimacy. For the explanation of the phrase, and why the Greek and Syriac terms are joined together here, see the notes on Mark 14:36, and on Romans 8:15 (note). Perhaps all the passages are to be connected with the Lord’s Prayer, of course in the form answering to that of St Luke’s narrative, in which alone the first word in Aramaic would be Abba, the Aramaic being here retained from peculiar sacredness of association (Moulton, Proleg., p. 10; cf. At GodTube, you’ll find daily inspirational videos to lift your spirits and encourage you in your walk with God. . Compare the notes, Romans 8:26-27. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/galatians-4.html. Comp. The conjunction will bear either meaning; the causal meaning is the simpler syntax, but the demonstrative meaning is more in unison with the argument. it would be presumptuous and daring beyond all propriety to address God as, "Most of the Jews knew both Greek and Aramaic. BibliographySimeon, Charles. The demonstrative meaning is held by the Greek fathers, who found no difficulty in the construction, by Ambrosiaster, Koppe, Flatt, Borger, Rückert, Schott, Jatho, Brown, Ellicott, and Wieseler who renders somewhat differently by quod attinet ad id, quod- εἰς ἐκεῖνο,- ὅτι. Abba, Father—Both the popular Hebrew and the Greek form of the name are given in undoubted symbol; we think that both Jew and Gentile are united in this blessed co-sonship with the Son. "THE EPISTLE TO THE GALATIANS" Chapter Six OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To see that liberty in Christ involves responsibility toward others and our own selves 2) To appreciate the principles involved in "sowing" and "reaping", especially as they relate to the flesh and Spirit 3) To understand the importance of becoming "a new creation" in Christ Jesus SUMMARY In this final … There is in every one, who receives the Gospel aright, a change, both in his state before God and in the secret habit of his mind. 2. (10-14) From the covenant of promises, which the law could not disannul. 1 Corinthians 12:15; John 20:29; John 15:19) is the most simple, natural, and correct; the emphasis is laid on υἱοί, which is therefore placed at the end: but because ye are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son, etc. In the fulness of the time God sent forth His Son, and no doubt in the fulness of the time, too, God sent His Spirit into their hearts-the time fore-appointed for their ingathering and conversion-in that crisis of their history which Himself had set apart, Galatians 3:2. p. 14. For this we invite you to come to Christ, and believe in him. But to our requests no limit whatever is assigned, provided they be in accordance with God’s will, and have a tendency to advance his glory. [Note: George, pp307 , 308. and afterwards instead of θεός; and people would not have said constantly ἀββᾶ ὁ πατήρ, but also ἀββᾶ ὁ θεός. The word, [Note: Footnote192: See Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, s.v. Romans 8:9. “For we have not received again the spirit of bondage to fear, “Every tongue shall make confession to my name.”, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, God hath sent the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, ὅτι τὸν χριστὸν ἐνεδυσάμεθα τὸν ὄντα υἱόν, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges, κύριος Κύριος ἀπἐστειλέν με καὶ τὸ πνεῦμα αὐτοῦ, πνεῦμα υἱοθεσίας ἐν ᾦ κράζομεν Ἀββά ὁ πατήρ, John Eadie's Commentary on Galatians, Ephesians, Colossians and Philippians, ᾿εξαπέστειλεν ὁ θεὸς τὸ πνεῦμα τοῦ υἱοῦ αὐτοῦ εἰς τὰς καρδίας ἡμῶν, ἐξαπέστειλεν ὁ θεὸς τὸ πνεῦμα τοῦ υἱοῦ αὐτοῦ, "However, we oversentimentalize this word when we refer to it as mere baby talk and translate it into English as "daddy." And because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. Comp. Now this is what “a Spirit of adoption” gives to every true Christian. p. 252. xi. 1832. In fact, we call Him Abba, which means Father, just as Jesus used to call Him. 1896. That is, Father; Christ taught us in prayer to call God our Father, he having made us his adoptive sons by his grace, and heirs of heaven. See Erub. If we are “straitened at all, it is in our own bowels;” we are not straitened in God: for he is both “able and willing to do for us exceeding abundantly above all that we can either ask or think.”], [A servant may hope for kind attentions from his master in a day of necessity, though still to a very limited extent; but a son is assured, that whatever relief his father can afford him shall be readily bestowed. But each person in the ever-blessed Trinity sustains a distinct office in the economy of redemption; the Father sending the Son to work redemption for us; and the Son sending the Holy Spirit to apply that redemption to us. hilarious videos from Christian comedians, user-uploaded videos, and clean viral videos to brighten your day. The parallel is exact; as His Son into the world, so the Spirit of His Son into our hearts. [Great as these blessings were, the Galatian Christians were soon prevailed on to abandon the possession of them, and to go back again to the bondage in which they had formerly been held. Romans 8:9; Romans 8:14-17. "The Bible Study New Testament". "Commentary on Galatians 4:6". In Hofmann’s view, Paul reminds his (Gentile) readers that they are for this reason sons, because God has done that act ἐξαπέστειλεν κ. τ. λ. And because ye are sons, God sent forth the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, Abba, Father. Answer the questions below and then click "OK" to send your answers. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. The book of Galatians is a Pauline Epistle (letter from Paul). Augustine and many others see here more than a translation, namely an allusion to the unity of the God of the Jews and of the Gentiles, and the unity of the Spirit, dwelling and praying in both.). "Abba, Father - See the note at Romans 8:15. Galatians 4:6. BibliographyEllicott, Charles John. Paul would have very improperly allowed himself to be ruled by the custom. For the thought compare Colossians 1:12 note on τῷ πατρί. ἐξαπέστειλεν., Galatians 4:4 note. f. 53. For a similar case see Revelation 1:7 (ναί, ἀμήν) where the change is in the reverse order, from Greek to Hebrew, as was natural if St John was the author. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/galatians-4.html. I prefer the ordinary rendering because it suits best (1) the simplicity of construction,—the causal ὅτι thus beginning a sentence followed by an apodosis, as in ref.,—whereas we have no example of the demonstrative ὅτι followed by the ellipsis here supposed: cf. ], And to this we are introduced by our Lord Jesus Christ—, [He has redeemed us from that bondage in which we were once held. Korah and his company were consumed for affecting the priesthood, and presuming to offer incense to the Lord. The only sure evidence of being born of God, adopted into his family, and made heirs of the blessings of his kingdom, is the possession of a filial spirit towards our Father in heaven-a spirit of confidence, affection, submission, and obedience; connected with faith in Christ and a hearty reliance on him for salvation. The Spirit of his Son—Not merely in the rationalistic interpretation—”the temper of a true Christian”—but the divine Spirit indwelling. Paul never thought the gospel of free grace meant laziness in serving God. “He knows in whom he has believed; and that he is both able and willing to keep that which he has committed to him.” He knows not, indeed, how God shall interpose for him, or when: but he is persuaded that “God will never leave him nor forsake him;” but “will make all things work together for his ultimate good,” and “cause his light and momentary afflictions to work out for him a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory.” Hence, without doubting of a happy issue to his afflictions, “he casts his care on God, who careth for him.”], 4. Father!" Abba; a Chaldee word for Father. The Syriac renders simply “Father, our Father.”. In Romans 8:16, the order of these is inverted, and the witness of the Spirit proves our sonship: but that does not affect the present passage, which must stand on its own ground. Galatians 3:11, where δῆλον follows:—(2) the context;—it is not in corroboration of the fact that we are sons, but as a consequence of that fact, that the Apostle states what follows: to shew the completeness of the state of sonship. Comp. p. 110, vol. The Galatians reproved for departing from the great doctrine of justification alone, through faith in Christ. But these objections would only avail to confute our view, if it were maintained that ἀββᾶ had become in general a proper name of God (as was יהוה in the O.T. And this our Saviour hath taught us several times. Fritzsche’s view is, that the ἀββᾶ of prayer, which had through Christ’s use of it become sacred and habitual, was so frequently explained on the part of the teachers of the Gentile Christians, as of Paul, by the addition of ὁ πατήρ, that it had become a habit with these teachers to say, ἀββᾶ ὁ πατήρ. This verse should be read in connection with Romans 8:15-16, to which it forms a close parallel. BibliographyEadie, John. Then will you find the service of your God to be perfect freedom; and the enjoyment of him, on earth, a foretaste of that complete fruition of him that awaits you.]. Ye are sons—As the minor does not cease to be a son upon attaining his majority. 1874-1909. f. In vain: At the end of this section, Paul set a choice before the Galatians and before us. p. 340. ABBA! it would be presumptuous and daring beyond all propriety to address God as Abba had Jesus himself not bidden us to do so." But do not dishonour our blessed Lord by indulging such propensities as these: strive rather to get rid of them, and stand fast in the liberty wherewith Christ has made you free. Barnes's Galatians 4:6 Bible Commentary And because ye are sons - As a consequence of your being adopted into the family of God, and being regarded as his sons. BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. Tom Lowe. Hofmann handles this passage with extreme violence, asserting that ὅτι δέ is an elliptical protasis,—the completion of which is to be derived from the apodosis of the preceding period, from ἐξαπέστ. "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges". But why both terms? 7 and so you are no longer a slave, but a son; and if a son, then an heir, by God's own act. In opposition to this view, which is adopted by Hilgenfeld and Matthias, it has been objected by Fritzsche, ad Rom. ", [Note: H. B. Swete, The Holy Spirit in the New Testament, p204. Hi Chris, I've been using your summary in my daily devotional for several months now and appreciate the way you've encapsulated the chapters in a short paragraph. The gift of the Spirit seems here to succeed the act of adoption, while in Romans 8:14-16 it is made to precede it. Jn 7:37-39; Ac 2:38; 5:32; Ro 5:5; 8:11-17; 15:13; 2Co 1:22; 5:5; Ep 1:13-14; 3:16; 4:30) 2) To understand Paul's concern over the Galatians' observance of holy days (cf. Galatians 4:6. Matthew 11:26; Bernhardy, p. 67; Krüger, § 45, 2, 6, 7. Salem Media Group. "Abba" means that in Aramaic (cf. ‘Abba’ is the Aramaic word for ‘Father’ (in Hebrew Aph), so childlike in its very sound, and sanctioned by the beginning of the Lord’s Prayer, as originally uttered, also by His prayer in Gethsemane, Mark 14:36. Into your hearts—See note on Romans 8:26. On the nominative with the article, as in apposition to the vocative, see Krüger, § 45. In Christ, God becomes our Father in a sense which only a son (or daughter) can experience!!! https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/galatians-4.html. "Commentary on Galatians 4:6". And this interpretation (on ὅτι, because, at the beginning of the sentence, comp. Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. Should we continue in sin in order that grace may abound? ].” Not that we are to conceive of the Godhead as consisting of persons of unequal majesty and glory; for the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, are in glory equal, and in majesty co-eternal. The same thing may be true here in Paul"s case." "E.W. Sonship involves relations of mutual confidence and love between the Father who bestows His choicest gifts, and the Son who responds with His whole heart. Galatians 4:6 Parallel. Boldness to spread our wants before him—, [To the Jews there were many things which, however they might desire them, they dared not ask. "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". This whole idea of "dada" is part of the bringing down to man, the God of the universe. (Witham). So Jesus, realizing His Sonship with unspeakable intenseness, in that awful prayer names His Father ᾿αββᾶ ὁ πατήρ. ii. O. C. 1101), or πάτερ ὁ πατὴρ ἡμῶν (comp. λ.] As long as the heir is a minor, he has no advantage over the slave. And that Spirit in their hearts is represented as-, κράζον, ᾿αββᾶ ὁ πατήρ—“crying, Abba, Father.” Mark 14:36. ; Galatians 4:6 Aramaic for Father Galatians 2 : מרי כירי (mi domine, mi κύριε). ὁ θεὸς κ. τ. λ. would stand! (Galatians 4:4), and because He has done it in the way and with the design stated in Galatians 4:4 f. This interpretation is at variance with linguistic usage, because the supposed elliptical use of ὅτι δέ does not anywhere occur, and the analogies in the use of εἰ δέ, etc., which Hofmann adduces—some of them, however, only self-invented (as those from the epistles of the apostle, 2 Corinthians 2:2; 2 Corinthians 7:12)—are heterogeneous. "abba," by G. ], "The purpose of the Son"s mission was to give the rights of sonship; the purpose of the Spirit"s mission, to give the power of using them." Do feel free to make copies for friends that might be interested as long as you do not make profit from the copies. But a son knows that he has a title to his father’s inheritance; and that his father has assigned it to him in his will. p. 205, are different. ἡμῶν] The change of persons arose involuntarily from the apostle’s own lively, experimental consciousness of this blessedness. It is now used of the time of the gift of the Spirit. Galatians 4:6. This quite possibly could have been Paul’s first letter. (3) The aorist ἐξαπέστειλεν is against Meyer’s view—it would be in that case ἐξαπέσταλκεν. τὸ πνεῦμα. It follows as a part of his purpose of adoption that his children shall have the spirit of the Lord Jesus.The Spirit of his Son - The spirit of the Lord Jesus; the spirit which animated him, or which he evinced. But see, against this view, on Romans 8:15. In Galatians 3, Paul gives an explanation of salvation coming from the promise given to Abraham, rather than the law. Isaiah 19:20; James 5:4. Thus are we brought to God in the relation of sons, and have all the benefits of children conferred upon us.]. For this we set forth all the wonders of redeeming love. The bilingual phrase occurs also in Romans 8:15 in a context similar to our passage, and in Mark 14:36[120], our Lord’s utterance in the Garden. A confirmation of the reality of this reception of sonship from the experience of the readers; for the ἐστέ, which, after the foregoing more general statement, now comes in with its individual application (comp. "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". ch. ἀββᾶ ὁ πατήρ] The usual view taken by modern expositors,(182) following Erasmus and Beza, in this passage, as in Romans 8:15 and in Mark 14:36, is, that ὁ πατήρ is appended as an explanation of the Aramaic Abba for Greek readers (so Koppe, Flatt, Winer, Rückert, Usteri, Schott); along with which stress is laid on the “childlike sound” of the expression, so foreign to the Greek readers (Hofmann). In confirmation of the same view the ἐστε speaks, for it has the emphasis and not υἱοί, and the verb is that of actual present state. God has promised to him, not grace only, but glory also; and has begotten him to an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for him, who is also kept by the power of God for it. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". Galatians 4:6 You can tell for sure that you are now fully adopted as his own children because God sent the Spirit of his Son into our lives crying out, "Papa! BibliographyNicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. Compare Romans 8:15-16, and notes. It is to be remarked also, that, according to the Rabbins, analogous emotional combinations of a Hebrew and a Greek address, which mean quite the same thing, were in use. BibliographyMeyer, Heinrich. Charles Simeon's Horae Homileticae. Galatians 4:6. ὅτι, because) The indwelling of the Holy Spirit is the consequence of the condition of sons [their status as sons], the latter does not follow the former.— ἐστε) you are; even you of the Gentiles.— υἱοὶ sons) who are of age, living with the Father on terms of free-born liberty.— ἀββᾶ ὁ πατήρ, Abba Father) The Hebrew noun is here delightfully used; comp, Mark 14:36; and the union of the Hebrew and Greek idiom is consonant with the one mixed cry [in prayer] of the Hebrews and Greeks [made one in Christ]. Similar expressions are found in the rabbinical books. κ. τ. λ. in Galatians 4:4. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/galatians-4.html. What enemies to themselves are the unbelieving world! Though, as Gentiles, we have never been bound by the ceremonial law, we have, of necessity, been subject to the moral law, which is equally binding on every child of man: and under that we have been exposed to the most tremendous curses for our violations of it. But the change of person is as in Romans 7:4. ὁ θεὸς τὸ πνεῦμα τοῦ υἱοῦ αὐτοῦ. 2. Galatians 4-6 Listen . Popular videos include worship music from your favorite Christian artists, cute videos with adorable kids and animals, IF we were to judge by the exterior of men’s lives, we should be ready to think that Christianity had done but little hitherto for the world: for it must be confessed, that, of those who profess our holy religion, the greater part differ very little from heathens. DD. If so, we must assume a very unusual ellipsis after ὅτι δέ ἐστε υἱοί,—one hardly justified by such precedents as Romans 11:18,— εἰ δὲ κατακαυχᾶσαι, οὐ σὺ τ. ῥίζαν βαστάζεις, κ. τ. λ., Romans 11:15, and supply, ‘God hath given you this proof, that.…’ Meyer urges in defence of his view the emphatic position of ἐστε, on which see below. Is part of the unclean spirits ( Mark 1:26 ; Mark 9:26 ) or even trilingual expressions are in. Whole Church ] redouble their call upon the name of the law the. 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