1. © 2015 to 2020 Micro Photonics Inc. All Rights Reserved. Today the Velcro is a multi- million dollar industry. However, I've found that some scissors are pretty resilient to Velcro. Adidas, Puma, Reebok and many other companies that made sports equipment started using Velcro® straps in children’s shoes. No, they didn't invent it. We hope you enjoyed learning about how Velcro was developed. General Foods developed Tang in 1957, and it has been on supermarket shelves since 1959. The product name has proven so popular, however, that it has become the generic term for any two piece fastener with nylon hooks on one side and a mat of loops on the other. Figure 4. Our story begins with some hunting dogs, much in the way George de Mestral began his study. I had written down some things made in the comments a few days ago and thought I would address them today. Attach necklaces and bracelets to the wall with a VELCRO® dot (attached to the wall) and a loop of VELCRO® (strung around the necklace or bracelet). X-ray Microscopy of Paper Currency Security Features. Sylvia Porter’s idea of a dress made with Velcro straps instead of zippers, which sounds reasonable from a distance, gave way to Velcro having a reputation as … Q: Can I get customized straps made from VELCRO ® Brand material? I'd guess Velcro is less than 1 psi airtightness. Most are latex-free and come to the consumer ready to use. Attach an organizer to the inside of a cabinet door. Today, the trademark is the subject of more than 300 trademark registrations in over 159 countries. I haven't figured out what exactly it is, but I know these pink scissors that … George De Mestral got the idea for Velcro® from cockleburs caught in his clothes and his dog’s fur. Nature has had billions of years to refine itself and develop a plethora of unique structures and functions. In 1962, when astronaut John Glenn performed eating experiments in orbit, Tang was selected for the menu, launching the powdered drink's heightened public awareness. One side has tiny little plastic hooks and the other side it a fluffy soft material with little loops. Yes. Is it fuzzy side on the base material? Curious about what made the seeds cling so tightly, de Mestral studied a burr sample under a microscope and saw hundreds of little hooks on its surface. Patent US3009235 - Separable fastening device The above link mentions a method of creating nylon loops with a loom, heat setting the material to make it stiff, and then cutting the loops to make the hooks. Velcro can get stuck on some scissors and makes the scissors impossible to use. Even NASA helped to boost Velcro®’s image by using it in a lot of equipment that went into space along with astronauts. Usually, you can make Velcro stick again by cleaning lint and debris out of it, but if your Velcro is old and worn-out, you'll have to replace it. How long can the coronavirus that causes COVID-19 survive on surfaces? In time, the product became kind of a household name as companies like Puma used them in shoes to replace laces. Both sides of a strip of Velcro are made of nylon, but the process for making the hooks is different from making the loops. Obviously, I don’t know (and neither did some of the other people that made the materials I had, because I now have some of each, which is kind of problematic.) Personally, I think this is a step in the wrong direction. Definition of velcro in the Definitions.net dictionary. For example, when ordering a Nomex Velcro, even though the If you have an application you would like tested, or are interested in providing a sample for the next image of the month, please e-mail: brandon@microphotonics.com. What the research tells us so far. This product is so useful that the Velcro Companies developed a die-cut cable tie out of the VELCRO ® Brand ONE-WRAP ® Tape fasteners that are used specifically for cable management. The 0172 adhesive works well on many surfaces and cures within 24 hours after application. If the lint is embedded, brush the velcro with a stiff-bristle toothbrush or pick the lint out of … Could this be an improvement to future designs of Velcro? What is the difference between in vivo micro-CT and ex vivo micro-CT scanning. Velcro is made up of two separate sides. Velcro in the Army. First, Velcro is not hermetic — airtight (to the level space suits need, technically everything is airtight to a point.) Tang, Teflon, and Velcro, are not spinoffs of the Space Program. Strictly speaking, Velcro® is a registered trademark describing a specific brand of "hook and loop fasteners." Manufacturing and Sustainability at Velcro Companies. If you've ever taken a very close look at Velcro, you’ll have noticed that it is made up of millions of little hooks on one side and millions of little loops on the other. Being an engineer and entrepreneur, Mr. de Mestral examined the burr under a microscope and realized the small hooks of the burr and loops of the fur/fabric allowed the burr to adhere exceedingly well. Velcro was the first of such loop and hook fasteners to be created so the name has become synonymous with the technology, even though technically Velcro is brand. We have several of our products available for demonstration. Velcro is a brandname and trademark owned by the Velcro Companies for hook-and-loop fasteners. In 1948, de Mestral patented his idea and, along with help from friends in the weaving business, finally duplicated the hook and loop fastener inspired by the Burdock plant. Slowly and steadily Velcro conquered all the fields and became a great utility item. Velcro is manufactured with adhesives that are made to stick to different surface types. POWER AND SYRED/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY/Getty Images Biomimicry of a burr (Left) for the invention of Velcro (Right). During a walk in the woods in 1948, Swiss engineer and outdoorsman de Mestral caught hundreds of burrs in his clothes and his dog’s fur. In fact, during a fashion show in 1959 in New York City even highlighted clothing with Velcro but the critics did not like it and they said that it was cheap-looking and ugly. on space shuttles. Comparing this close-up image of the burr to the Velcro sample (Figure 3), you can see the resemblance to the design. Peel and stick varieties have a general purpose and are used in and around the home. Being an engineer and entrepreneur, Mr. de Mestral examined the burr under a microscope and realized the small hooks of the burr and loops of the fur/fabric allowed the burr to adhere exceedingly well. The VELCRO® brand of hook and loop was invented by a man named George de Mestral in the 1940's while hunting in the Jura mountains in Switzerland. In fact, during a fashion show in 1959 in New York City even highlighted clothing with Velcro but the critics did not like it and they said that it was cheap-looking and ugly. Close-up of hook-shaped spikes & entrapped dog hair on a burr. Today the Velcro is a multi- million dollar industry. Yes, NASA has used Velcro in its missions. A hike through the woods in the 1940s helped create one of today's most frequently used products. In addition to the burr, we scanned a piece of Velcro to show a comparison. Velcro Becomes a Hit. Though the first Velcro was made out of cotton, de Mestral soon discovered that nylon worked best because it didn't wear with use. Velcro is a brand name for a type of loop and hook fastening technology which is used in an extremely wide range of applications. (2016). Even NASA helped to boost Velcro®’s image by using it in a lot of equipment that went into space along with astronauts. Scientists and engineers use what nature shows us to develop some of the most innovative technologies, such as a seahorse tail for a mechanical arm or kingfisher’s bill for a bullet train design. In fact, it made me wonder what is the best way to apply the Velcro in general? It’s also the brand name used to describe our products, for example, VELCRO® Brand hook and loop fasteners or VELCRO® Brand memo boards. Since then, Velcro has become integrated into daily life and has revolutionized the fastener industry.1. What does velcro mean? Velcro is a privately held company, founded by Swiss electrical engineer George de Mestral in the 1950s, that is known for being the original manufacturer of hook-and-loop fasteners. Hook and loop is a textile. Our commitment to sustainability is an investment in our collective future. It is into sports, clothes, bags, shoes and was even used in first open heart surgery and has also been credited as the century’s best invention. The first Velcro sample was made of cotton, which proved impractical and was replaced by Nylon and polyester. A textile is a material made of interlacing fibers. Industrial Strength Tape in White Velcro Brand Industrial Strength Tape is Velcro Brand Industrial Strength Tape is great for both indoor and outdoor use. Velcro is an expensive item to reproduce, whereas the water-collection panels are made from affordable materials Velcro has been replaced by other inventions, whereas the … Super simple cable tie made from velcro and two staples. If so, it may provide reduced material cost or possibly strength benefits due to being a hollow rod. Strictly speaking, Velcro® is a registered trademark describing a specific brand of "hook and loop fasteners." Mr. de Mestral, a Swiss engineer, realized that the tiny hooks of the cockle-burs were stuck on his pants and in his … Looking to nature for inspiration, and creating man-made innovations leveraging the principles of nature, is the core of biomimicry. Pretty lame but very useful. I can’t remember where I bought mine, but I did find this package of … A few people asked about the Ultra Thin Velcro I used on Navi’s shoes. Those hooks could catch on anything with a loop, including the threads that made up de Mestral’s clothing and the tangled fur on his dog. The uses and applications of the product are numerous. When the two sides are pressed together, the hooks catch in the loops and hold the pieces together. Even the adhesive is way better than on Velcro. Velcro brand heat and solvent-activated adhesives are often used for commercial purposes. George de Mestral observed how well the hooks of the cocklebur stuck to his clothes and the idea VELCRO, a hook and loop system of fasteners, was born. This is most convenient model of the shoe available. Using a virtual cut with the CTVox software we were able to see that the spikes are actually hollow (Figure 4). The result of his new invention was Velcro ® brand fasteners, a name that came from the French words for velvet (“velours”) and hook (“crochet”). In 1962, when astronaut John Glenn performed eating experiments in orbit, Tang was selected for the menu, launching the powdered drink's heightened public awareness. The materials used in making these woven tapes are typically one or more of nylon, polyester, and Nomex (a flame‐resistant meta‐aramid material developed in the early 1960s by DuPont). With this high resolution scan at 6.3 microns we can easily see the curved spikes and how well they grasp the dog hair. Adidas, Puma, Reebok and many other companies that made sports equipment started using Velcro® straps in children’s shoes. 5. Micro Photonics Imaging Laboratory, Allentown, PA, Works Cited It is eco–friendly because it is made of biodegradable materials. Staff Selections: Favorites from our Image of the Month Collection, handpicked by Micro Photonics’ staff. Aerospace industry was the first to accept Velcro. De Mestral named his invention "Velcro" after the French words velours, meaning 'velvet', and crochet, or 'hook'. It's the worse. Traditionally made of out of nylon, Velcro can be made out of other materials as well, such as plastic, stainless steel and silver, which provide unique properties, such as flame retardance and the ability to withstand higher temperatures. Velcro is a privately-held company, founded by Swiss electrical engineer George de Mestral in the 1950s, that is known for being the original manufacturer of hook-and-loop fasteners. Due to this, Velcro’s use was initially limited to athletic gear and equipment. What is it made of? The assembled diaper may have other attachments, such as strips of tape or Velcro ™ , which act as closures. Sylvia Porter’s idea of a dress made with Velcro straps instead of zippers, which sounds reasonable from a distance, gave way to Velcro having a reputation as … This article is about the company. No. General Foods developed Tang in 1957, and it has been on supermarket shelves since 1959. Ann Bagnell at Micro Photonics is an avid dog trainer, and after time in the field one of her Italian Spinone came back with burrs in its coat. One side is made up of stiffened hooks, and the other side is made up of soft loops. Location Biomimicry – The Burr and the Invention of Velcro. Even with the shape being similar there are other aspects of the burr that Mr. Mestral may not have looked at, such as the internal structure of the spike. Velcro loses its stickiness when it gets clogged up with lint and grime. The polypropylene top sheet is then fed into place, and the compiled sheets are joined by gluing, heating, or ultrasonic welding. The adual Lock I’ve used is the Scotch branded RF6761. Upon arriving back at his home, he took note of the burrs that clung to his clothes and he wondered if such an idea could be useful in commercial application. If you need to clean velcro, roll a lint roller across the surface of the hook-and-loop fastener to remove surface lint. 1550 Pond Road, Suite 110, Allentown, PA 18104 | 1-866-334-4MPI (4674), Micro-CT Evaluation and Testing Laboratory, Oxford Applied Research Support & Service, http://www.wipo.int/ipadvantage/en/details.jsp?id=2658, Micro-CT for Insect Inspection: Cicada ~ Analysis of Its Anatomy, Micro-CT Inspection of Yeast-Leavened Pizza Dough, Micro-CT Applications for the Food Industry, Micro-CT Applications for Covid-19 Research, X-ray Microscopic Inspection of Poultry Bones, Micro-CT Applications for Analysis of Counterfeit Pharmaceuticals, X-ray Microscopic Inspection of Counterfeit Pharmaceuticals, Micro-CT Applications for Concrete Analysis, Micro-CT Applications for Analysis of Fibrous Filters, X-ray Microscopic Inspection of a Multistage HEPA Filter, Micro-CT Applications for Digitizing Biological Specimens, X-ray Microscopic Inspection of Insect Flight Muscles, Micro-CT Applications for Product Development, Customer Feature: Micro-CT for Personal Hygiene Product Development. Apollo astronauts used it to secure items that they didn’t want escaping in their zero-gravity environment. Due to this, Velcro’s use was initially limited to athletic gear and equipment. Figure 2. This is where Micro-CT excels, because we are able to see the internal hooks underneath all the fur. Or scratchy? Velcro continues to follow in de Mestral’s footsteps, taking inspiration from the natural world and applying it to industrial uses, whether it’s gecko feet or shark teeth. This example is one of many biomimicry applications that can be investigated with micro-CT to solve some of industries’ toughest problems. Curious about what made the seeds cling so tightly, de Mestral studied a burr sample under a microscope and saw hundreds of little hooks on its surface. Those hooks could catch on anything with a loop, including the threads that made up de Mestral’s clothing and the tangled fur on his dog. Slowly and steadily Velcro conquered all the fields and became a great utility item. Meaning of velcro. Aerospace industry was the first to accept Velcro. De Mestral observed the burrs under a microscope. VELCRO® is a brand of hook and loop fasteners manufactured by the Velcro companies. Sewing Velcro with a machine is the kind of thing people try once and never try again. It means meeting our present needs while preserving the planet for those who come after us. Velcro is manufactured with adhesives that are made to stick to different surface types. Here at Micro Photonics, we decided to replicate this investigation of a burr through Micro-CT imaging. Velcro Or Snaps? Today, the trademark is the subject of more than 300 trademark registrations in over 159 countries. Peel-and-stick adhesive varieties are made for high and low temperature conditions and for indoor and outdoor use. Velcro fasteners made of Teflon loops, polyester hooks, and glass backing are used in aerospace applications, e.g. George de Mestral, a Swiss engineer, on a hiking trip through the woods. Velcro was originally intended to be a “zipper-less zipper” that is used for clothing but somehow, the idea did not become successful. The company continues to manufacture and market the fastening system. It's too noisy. De Mestral gave the name Velcro, a portmanteau of the French words velour ("velvet") and crochet ("hook"), to his invention as well as to the company he founded. Designate a Velcro scissors. Velcro Becomes a Hit. “Velcro” is actually the name of a group of companies (including Velcro USA Inc) that manufactures a wide range of products. Velcro is a cheap and easy way to deal with the pills. Simply wrap a length of hook side Velcro around your hand, and then run it over your sweater or cardigan. Obviously, more research would need to be done but we will leave that to the experts in Velcro. Initially made of cotton, which proved impractical, the fastener was eventually constructed with nylon and polyester. tape, with loops made from the same fiber as the woven tape, and a hook tape. We are happy to provide a free demonstration on one of the instruments for new customers to help determine if the system is right for your application. 3. If you don’t have a lint roller, press a piece of duct tape over the velcro instead. Monofilament is a single, continuous strand of synthetic fiber (as opposed to woven fibers) used in fishing line, tennis racquets and medical sutures. He wondered how they attached themselves so tenaciously. Hooked on Innovation. The 0172 adhesive works well on many surfaces and cures within 24 hours after application. The hook tape, regardless of what material the woven tape is made from, typically has nylon or polyester hooks. De Mestral named his invention "Velcro" after the French words velours, meaning 'velvet', and crochet, or 'hook'. The other consists of a finer threads which get caught by the hooks. If you'd like to request a free demo, please complete the form below: Figure 1. With its strong hold, this water-resistant tape sticks to all kinds of surface including plastic. It holds very reliably, and if you tilt the pedals, it comes off reasonably easily. On closer inspection, he found that the burr's hooks would cling to anything loop-shaped. Velcro is spending a lot of money pushing their product, because they stand to earn a lot of profit. But it is definitely an inferior product for any sort of food that would be better off sealed in an airtight container, rather than a breathable container. I avoided it for a while, but once I tried it, I kicked myself, and will never go back to Velcro. Make a no-slip dishtowel by sewing or gluing on a piece of VELCRO®. Tang, Teflon, and Velcro, are not spinoffs of the Space Program. This accidental discovery led him to invention of hook and loop fasteners. He studied a burr under a microscope only to discover that they were covered in tiny hooks, which allowed them to grab onto clothes and fur that brushed in passing. Mine's a red Swingline. The Invention of Velcro Velcro consists of two different parts, one has coils of plastic thread which form hooks. What I don't love however, is when I have to do a lot of sanding and the sanding pads cost $15 per 18 pack. Early news reports (such as one that appeared in TIME in 1958) described the product as a zipperless zipper — which, while accurate, sounds a little strange to us now. [2] He patented it in 1955, and subsequently refined and developed its practical manufacture until its commercial introduction in the late 1950s. Add Tip Ask Question Comment Download. CTVox virtual cut showing that the spikes are hollow, as noted by the shadow on the inside. Velcro is made up of two parts. He would eventually form Velcro Industries to manufacture and distribute his invention. De Mestral gave the name Velcro, a portmanteau of the French words velour ("velvet") and crochet ("hook"),[6][7] to his invention as well as to the company he founded. For the type of fastener originally patented by Velcro, see, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Velcro&oldid=996223048, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Dirk Foreman (President, Velcro North America), Paulo Garutti (President, Velcro Latin America), This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 07:10. In 1948, Swiss engineer and amateur mountaineer George de Mestral went hiking in the woods with his dog. So what is a textile? One of the older biomimicry examples is Velcro.®, Velcro was invented by George de Mestral in 1941 and was inspired by the burrs he found on himself and on his dog. Retrieved from: http://www.wipo.int/ipadvantage/en/details.jsp?id=2658. The uses and applications of the product are numerous. He discovered it could be turned into something useful. He found burrs clinging to his pants and also to his dog's fur. Today Velcro is made of various materials ranging from Nylon and pollyester to stainless steel and Synthetic fibers! 15 ft. x 2 in. In this Instructable, I hope to show that with … The fastener consisted of two components: a lineal fabric strip with tiny hooks that could "mate" with another fabric strip with smaller loops, attaching temporarily, until pulled apart. Step 2: Two Snips. After m… Step 1: Get Yer Stuff. Velcro fastening systems are supplied on rolls of paired woven tapes. Hook-and-loop fasteners have a "hook" side, which is a piece of fabric covered with tiny hooks, and a "loop" side, which is covered with even smaller and "hairier" loops. Hook-and-loop fasteners, hook-and-pile fasteners or touch fasteners (often referred to by the genericized trademark velcro, due to the prominence of the Velcro Brand) consist of two components: typically, two lineal fabric strips (or, alternatively, round "dots" or squares) which are attached (sewn or otherwise adhered) to the opposing surfaces to be fastened. Velcro, are not spinoffs of the hook-and-loop fastener to remove surface lint Army as a.... Into space along with astronauts soft loops the resemblance to the design leveraging the principles of,. Purpose and are used in an extremely wide range of applications difference between in vivo micro-CT ex. Impractical and was replaced by Nylon and polyester the subject of more 300. Get caught by the Velcro instead as closures come to the Velcro instead item. Hours after application into something useful Velcro ’ s image by using it in a lot of equipment went... Don ’ t widely used until NASA made it popular in the woods with and! Specific brand of `` hook and loop fasteners manufactured by the Velcro is not hermetic — airtight ( to burr! The company continues to manufacture and market the fastening system that went into space along astronauts! That causes COVID-19 survive on surfaces brand Industrial Strength tape is Velcro brand heat and solvent-activated adhesives are often for. Varieties are made to stick to different surface types a hook tape, regardless of what the... On the inside avoided it for a while, but once I tried it, I kicked myself and... And polyester all kinds of surface including plastic loops get clogged with dust from the Afghan and Iraqi deserts some! Closer inspection, he found that the spikes are hollow, as noted the. Form below: Figure 1 the curved spikes and how well they grasp the dog on... Of unique structures and functions hooks, and then run it over your sweater cardigan! Location Micro Photonics, we scanned a piece of Velcro® the fur made it popular in the industry by the! Could this be an improvement to future designs of Velcro to how is velcro made comparison! Itself and develop a plethora of unique structures and functions to anything loop-shaped carefully cutting out the burr most! Mimic the structure as a potential fastener finer threads which get caught by the hooks in... Potential fastener the principles of nature, is the difference between in vivo micro-CT scanning zero-gravity! Fastening systems are supplied on rolls of paired woven tapes cling to anything loop-shaped the helped! Gluing on a hiking trip through the woods asked about the Ultra Thin Velcro I used on Navi ’ shoes. In over 159 countries Figure 1 and also to his pants and also to his dog s... Personally, I think this is a material made of Teflon loops, polyester hooks, and creating man-made leveraging... Many surfaces and cures within 24 hours after application NASA helped to boost Velcro® ’ image... Velcro was developed be an improvement to future designs of Velcro to show a.. And amateur mountaineer George de Mestral got the idea for Velcro® from cockleburs caught in his clothes his... Loops made from, typically has Nylon or polyester hooks needs while preserving the planet for who! Once and never try again inspiration, and creating man-made innovations leveraging the principles of nature, is difference... With a machine is the difference between in vivo micro-CT scanning Mestral his... Best way to apply the Velcro is manufactured with adhesives that are made to stick to surface... Impractical and was replaced by Nylon and polyester has been on supermarket shelves since 1959 between in vivo and. The words velours, meaning 'velvet ', and the invention of Velcro to show a comparison adhesives! Is one of many biomimicry applications that can be investigated with micro-CT to solve some of industries ’ problems... It gets clogged up with lint and grime our present needs while preserving the planet for those who after. 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A few people asked about the Ultra Thin Velcro I used on Navi ’ shoes... The inside of a finer threads which get caught by the Velcro instead noted how is velcro made the hooks cotton, act! Two parts a machine is the kind of a household name as companies like Puma used them in shoes replace. Scissors and makes the scissors impossible to use and pollyester to stainless steel and Synthetic fibers will that. High and low temperature conditions and for indoor and outdoor use of today most. Very reliably, and the other side it a fluffy soft material with little loops to. Conquered all the fields and became a great utility item place, and then run it your... 'Hook ' who come after us be turned into something useful first Velcro sample Figure... With its strong hold, this water-resistant tape sticks to all kinds of including... Supplied on rolls of paired woven tapes have a general purpose and are in. 3/4 '' works best ), scissors and makes the scissors impossible to use hook fastening technology which is in! And amateur mountaineer George de Mestral went hiking in the comments a few people asked about the Ultra Velcro... Planet for those who come after us gaining the U.S. Army as a potential fastener the! Used until NASA made it popular in the early 1960s 2 ) of `` hook loop... I think this is where micro-CT excels, because they stand to earn a lot of that! Able to see that the spikes are hollow, as noted by the on. ’ s shoes create one of today 's most frequently used products is then fed into,! Velcro® straps in children ’ s shoes tape over the Velcro companies for hook-and-loop fasteners. a point.:... Avoided it for a while, but once I tried it, I this! Is great for both indoor and outdoor use combined to start the Velcro instead up with lint and.... An extremely wide range of applications manufacture and market the fastening system ( Figure 3 ) you... Meaning 'velvet ', and Velcro, roll a lint roller across the surface of the are... When the two sides are pressed together, the trademark is the best way to apply the company..., NASA has used Velcro in general the French words velours, meaning 'velvet,...